Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which a person has repeated seizures (convulsions) over time. Seizures are episodes of disturbed brain activity that cause changes in attention or behavior.
Symptoms vary from person to person. Some people may have simple staring spells, while others have violent shaking and loss of alertness. The type of seizure depends on the part of the brain affected and cause of epilepsy.
Most of the time, the seizure is similar to the previous one. Some people with epilepsy have a strange sensation (such as tingling, smelling an odor that isn’t actually there, or emotional changes) before each seizure. This is called an aura.
8 Nursing Diagnosis for Epilepsy
1. Risk for Injury
uncontrolled seizure activity (balance disorder).
2. Ineffective airway clearance
blockage of the tongue, endotracheal,
increased secretion of saliva
3. Social isolation
low-self against the disease state, and the bad stigma against epilepsy in the community.
4. Ineffective breathing pattern
dyspnoea and apneu
5. Activity intolerance
decreased cardiac output, tachycardia
6. Impaired sensory perception
disturbances in nerve sensory organs of perception
lack of knowledge about the disease
8. Risk for Ineffective cerebral Tissue Perfusion
decreased oxygen supply to the brain.
Source : http://nanda-nurse-diary.blogspot.com/2012/11/nursing-diagnosis-for-epilepsy.html